In this entry we will analyze the present and future strengths and weaknesses on the use of drones in security, perimeter surveillance and rescue
Undoubtedly the application of the drones in any professional environment will have a long journey, but today the drone companies that are beginning to appear undoubtedly are being the surveillance, security and rescue, as we have recently commented In the National Security Corps. These unmanned aircraft can offer a unique perspective at a very low cost compared to traditional surveillance techniques, however, and until legislation allows, these uses are very limited.
Application and use of drones in security and surveillance companies
Nowadays, most professional security drones have the possibility to be piloted remotely or programmed so that they can go to a specific point where any type of alarm has been jumped, be it an industrial estate, a forest area or a GPS point emitted from a boat. Once in the emergency zone and depending on autonomy, the drones are able to cover large hectares of land by emitting videos of great quality and in direct communication with the ground guard. This makes them a very useful and vital technology for a fast and effective action of the security forces. Another use that can be given is to define a perimeter around a facility through a series of waypoints and perform regular perimeter surveillance flights.
The drones with night vision
The images of video that are captured from an unmanned aircraft, can be with a conventional camera or with cameras of last technology that incorporate thermal and nocturnal vision. These capture greatly facilitate the search of people in any adverse visibility condition. For thermal imaging, heat sources such as animals or people are easily identified in low visibility situations. In addition, while the drone flight can be exercised from a grounded operator as well, the different cameras and sensors can be operated independently by the personnel in the flight zone, which provides a great versatility to the use of this technology.
Regarding the speed of response and the autonomy of flight, it is of capital importance (for companies) to know that there are multi-rotors with a very tight price that can be around 3,000 €, with speeds that can reach 80Km / hour. Some fixed wing drones have an autonomy of 3h and reach 120Km / h. Drones count, like conventional aviation, with redundant sensors and control systems that can withstand the failure of any of its components. The technical progress in the different flight platforms and electronics that carry the drones and the continuous improvements in this sector offer a guarantee of safety and success in the operations that are carried out.
Waiting for the new European Regulations
But as you know, today’s legislation does not allow for night flights or operations in perimeters nears airports. Likewise, it does not allow flights in inhabited areas or on buildings, in addition the flights realized of autonomous form must be supervised previously so that there is no incident of any type. On the other hand, it is necessary to homologate not only the operator but also the surveillance system that will be used due to strict data protection laws. As you see too many inconveniences to carry out a complete surveillance service and quality. The forecasts for a more open and innovative change of the Regulations are good, since it seems and for certain news that will appear will tend to flexibilizar the prohibitions, at least in certain specialized sectors and homologated by the Air Safety Agency